Sequoia national forest.
Sequoia received its name on behalf of the North American leader of the Iroquois . This is probably the tallest tree of the planet. Its height can reach 100-120 m have redwoods lush and dense crown , light wood . On the branches there are small dense buds with a thyroid scales. Nowadays sequoia grows only in the mountains of North America. But in the Jurassic and Cretaceous period sequoia reigned throughout the world.
Discoverer of these trees is considered Englishman lobby, accidentally discovered a grove of trees in the 1856 Sequoia affect not only its height , but also life expectancy . By counting the annual rings of an old sawn redwood set its age – 2200 years. But this is not all : some live more than three thousand years. On the southern coast of the Crimea , the Caucasus cultural planting redwoods grow .
Sequoia has the ability to form a coppice forests . Because of this, American Indians called the “father of forests .” Wood redwoods – valuable material (mahogany ), but because of the rarity of the tree , it is not much use. Redwoods , to preserve the appearance , grown in culture as ornamental plants.
An interesting fact is that these trees do not reproduce by seeds only . They give the root processes of which there is a whole family of next – standing trees that have identical genetic code . Young trees grow to a certain size and suspend its growth , as it were asleep . They are waiting for when the neighboring old trees fall and released them space to grow .
Of course , people always try to accommodate trees for your convenience , cut through the tunnel in the trunk of the tree , and the tree lives .
In the area of broad-leaved mixed forest one of the most common tree species is hornbeam . It is a deciduous tree with beautiful, lush , in a tent , canopy . Individual trees can reach a height of 30 m to the genus elms include nearly 50 species of trees . The most famous of them hornbeam hornbeam oriental hornbeam seaside , Caucasian hornbeam . And Caucasian hornbeam forests can be found in the southern regions of Russia . It is sometimes called white beech . The tree is very unpretentious , tolerates low light, can grow normally even in the absence of sunlight. Century wood on average 100 years.
Breeders have worked over selection hornbeam and brought several species of ornamental elms . They are used for planting as decorative ornaments in parks and forest parks . In the countries of Asia Minor and the Mediterranean, the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus hornbeam grows interesting view – hmelegrab . It is a tall tree with a spreading out like a tent , canopy and solid wood.
Sycamore or plane tree , as it is called – a majestic tree representing the only genus in the family Sycamore . The people tree called ” shameless ” because of peeling bark of a tree , stripped wood smooth , resembling the female body . Sycamores grow in southern Europe. On the territory of Russia and neighboring countries – in the Caucasus and the Crimea.
This tall trees with deciduous broad crown. Wood has a powerful trunk up to 50 m and a circumference of up to 18 m of greenish-gray color . Leaves resemble maple leaves . Fruit in the form mnogooreshnika , decaying spring , wind-blown .
Wood is used for interior design, as a high quality decorative material .
Trees live a long time in the valley Buyukdere in Turkey have a copy , which is more than 2300 years. On the island of Kos in the Aegean Sea is growing sycamore, whose age is estimated at 23 000 years.
Sumac – shrubby tree with a dense spherical crown , with bare shoots simple bluish- green leaves. Lives up to 80 – 100 years old, grows in the south of Ukraine, Crimea . Cultivated her since 1650 . In the old botanical books sumac called compensated , zheltinnik , zhevtushnik , dyer , tanning tree Parikova tree , tree and matrach Sheva . Scientific name : Ordinary sumac , sumac sumac koggigriya and dyeing . Such names shrub received for the content of dyes , and ” Parikova tree” sumac called for luxuriantly flowering panicles , forming something like a wig.
Sumac is also called the “paradise tree ” for the purple color, which puts its autumn foliage . Fiery crimson leaves sang its poets and artists . There is a legend that the trees grew on the blood of innocent women , chopped husbands for what they have become concubines violently rebellious slaves.
Sumac has long been used for tanning leather , for making musical instruments and various craft can replace henna . Sumac used in medicine, as it contains tannin and gallic acid , required for the manufacture of some medicines .
This growing tropical evergreen tree slender can reach 20 m in height.
Leaves entire elongated, shiny dark green .
Flowers in small racemes . They purple receptacle , and at the tip of the white buds .
The tree begins to bear fruit in 20 years , and retains this ability to fifty .
Flower buds are used , or as they are called – cloves.
Harvested twice a year, in summer and winter , dried . Carnation is highly valued as a spice . Leaves. The composition which is close to the composition of buds are used for the production of essential oils.
Carnation has a powerful antioxidant , anti-inflammatory , antifungal and antimicrobial properties, previously it was used to store meat. In medical applications it is recommended for flatulence , gastritis , dyspepsia, fatigue , rheumatism and toothache , aromatherapy.
Siberian larch is monoecious tree height of 30 – 40 meters.
Crohn’s pyramid .
Young branches are light – straw color .
Needles narrowly linear , with obtuse apex . Beams located at the tips of short shoots . Fall off in autumn. Pollinated in May.
Male cones – stamen , pale – yellow , oval .
Female cones – seed , first magenta , and after light – brown , ovate .
Seeds are placed on scales seed cones.
Distributed Larch on podzolic and sod – podzolic soils in the east and north – east of European Russia , the Urals, Western and Eastern Siberia , the Altai and Sayan . Also bred in parks and gardens as an ornamental plant.
Needles contains ascorbic acid and essential oil. In the bark contains tannin and glucoside koneferin .
Its seeds contain fatty drying oil .
In folk medicine used buds and young shoots of larch , which are collected in the spring.